perinal


“Nothing you do for children is ever wasted.” - Garrison Keillor

Early Pregnancy Information

This is an important time in your life. There are a lot of changes going on inside your body. You have to make choices about things you would normally take for granted, for example, the food you eat or what medications or drugs you take. . . even for a cold or a headache. 

This is a time of change. You may be happy or unhappy. You may feel uncertain and stressed. Ask your partner, a family member, or a close friend to help you or be there when you need to talk. Just knowing that there is someone who cares about you and understands can be a big help.

The sections below are an overview of important information for women who may be pregnant or women who know they are about one to three months pregnant.  An appointment with a health care provider will confirm the pregnancy and provides more detailed information based on your needs and concerns.  If you have questions about any of this information, write them down and ask your health care provider. Or, contact any of the following agencies in your community for more information: public health agency, school nurse, family planning agency, nurse hotline (provided by an insurance company), or hospital or clinic.

Phone numbers for these agencies are in your local phone book or online. You can also contact the Well Badger Resource Center at 1-800-642-7837 or https://wellbadger.org/.

 

EARLY BODY CHANGES DURING PREGNANCY

You may:

  • Feel that your breasts are tender and enlarged
  • Have missed a period
  • Feel sick to your stomach, vomit, or have “morning sickness”
  • Feel lightheaded or faint
  • Have headaches more often
  • Feel tired
  • Urinate more often

WARNING SIGNS IN EARLY PREGNANCY

Call your health care provider if you have any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • Bleeding or spotting
  • Cramping
  • Severe stomach pain
  • A headache that doesn’t go away with rest
  • Inability to keep down food or liquids for 12 hours
  • Burning, itching, and/or smelly, green, or yellow discharge from the area of your vagina

TO HELP WITH NAUSEA AND VOMITING

  • Eat bland foods, such as:
    • plain potatoes
    • rice crackers
    • plain noodles
    • cooked cereal
  • Avoid spicy foods
  • Eat a small snack at bedtime or when you first wake up
  • Eat when hungry—don’t wait to eat
  • Eat small, frequent meals, and don’t skip meals
  • Try eating small amounts of different kinds of foods to find what makes you feel better
  • Try drinking ginger ale, lemonade, or a sports drink
  • Separate liquids and solids during meals and stay upright for at least 30 minutes after eating
  • Try motion sickness bands

*If these suggestions do not provide relief, please contact your healthcare provider.  

HEALTHY CHOICES FOR PREGNANCY

Remember that everything you eat, drink, or take into your body will reach your baby.

  • Take a prenatal multivitamin with 400 mcg of folic acid and no more than 2500 I.U. of Vitamin A every day. *Note: Take with food or at bedtime.
  • Talk with your health care provider about any prescription, supplements, herbal, or over-the-counter drugs you are taking.
  • Eat a variety of healthy foods.
  • Make an appointment to see a health care provider during the first three months of pregnancy.
  • Get some daily exercise such as walking or swimming.
  • Get enough rest.
  • Take deep breaths to relax or reduce stress.
  • Limit caffeine. Caffeine is in foods like coffee, chocolate, tea, soft drinks, and some bottled water.
  • Eliminate tobacco consumption.  Reach out to family, friends, and support groups for assistance.  For more information please visit the Pregnancy & Motherhood page of the SmokeFree Women Web site.  For information about Wisconsin programs in your county, please visit the First Breath page on the Wisconsin Women's Health Foundation's Web site.  
  • Get regular dental checkups.
  • Wear your seat belt.
  • Protect yourself. If you are in a relationship where you are being threatened or harmed, visit the National Domestic Violence hotline online or call at 800.799.7233 to find resources near you.

CHOICES HARMFUL TO PREGNANCY

  • Smoking/vaping 
  • Breathing in secondhand smoke
  • Drinking any alcohol like beer, wine, wine coolers, mixed drinks, and hard liquor
  • Using street or illegal drugs like crack/cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and meth
  • Taking prescription medications not prescribed for you, such as opioids 
  • Sitting in hot tubs
  • Changing cat litter boxes
  • Eating cold sandwich meats (Sandwich meats are safe to consume during pregnancy if they have been microwaved until they steam.)
  • Eating certain types of soft cheeses, such as brie, Camembert, Roquefort, feta, Gorgonzola, and Mexican style cheeses including queso blanco and queso fresco (Unless they clearly state that they are made from pasteurized milk.) 
  • Eating certain types of fish including swordfish, shark, tilefish, and king mackerel  (Check for county advisories before eating local river, stream, or lake fish.) 
  • Eating foods such as raw beef, chicken, pork, or fish; pâté, uncooked eggs, and unpasteurized milk

*For other environmental health recommendations, please review the Prenatal Environmental Health Assessment from the Wisconsin Environmental Health Network.